Allergy and Asthma
The AAAAI has created a reference guide of medications that are commonly used to treat allergies and asthma. All are prescription medications unless otherwise noted. This guide includes:
The FDA approved the use of the medication
The FDA approved dosing for the medication
Generic and brand names
Links to product website for further information about the medication
Antihistamines: These medications are commonly used to treat allergies such as allergic rhinitis or sometimes urticaria (hives).
Montelukast: These medications are used for relief of allergic rhinitis symptoms.
Nasal Sprays: This table includes the various nasal sprays approved to treat allergic rhinitis and/or non-allergic rhinitis.
Eye Drops: This table lists the medications available to treat allergic conjunctivitis (allergic eye).
Allergic Emergency Medications: These are the medications used to treat anaphylaxis.
Topical Ointments & Creams: Here are the topical medications used to treat conditions such as atopic dermatitis and eczema.
Immunomodulators: These medications modify the immune system as it pertains to hereditary angioedema.
Oral Corticosteroids: These medications are sometimes used to treat severe allergies and can also be used as a rescue medication for asthma.
Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT) Allergy Tablets: Allergy tablets are another form of allergy immunotherapy therapy and involves administering the allergens under the tongue generally on a daily basis.
The AAAAI follows the National Institutes of Health publication “Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma (EPR-3)” to list the medications.
Long-term control medications: Prevent symptoms and are taken daily
Inhaled Corticosteroids (Including Combination Inhalers): The most consistently effective long-term control medication.
Long-Acting Beta-Agonists (LABAs): These are used in combination with inhaled corticosteroids.
Cromolyn and Theophylline: Used as alternative controller medications (not preferred).
Leukotriene Modifiers: Used as alternative controller medications.
Immunomodulators: Monoclonal antibodies modify the allergic immune response.
Quick-relief medications: Take only as needed for symptom relief
Short-Acting Beta-Agonists (SABAs): relax airway muscles to give prompt relief of symptoms.