Types of Rhinits
Rhinitis is a nasal condition that involves nasal obstruction or congestion, post-nasal drip or runny nose, itchy nose, and/or sneezing. There are two main categories for rhinitis: allergic and non-allergic. The difference between the two categories are straight forward. Allergic rhinitis means nasal symptoms related to an allergy, and non-allergic means symptoms not related to an allergy. Rhinitis can occur with or before a case of sinusitis, which is an infection or inflammation of the sinuses. Geriatric rhinitis is rhinitis in senior patients.
Treatment plans depend on the diagnosis and cause of the symptoms. For allergic rhinitis, it is best to discover the allergen causing the reaction and to avoid the trigger. An allergist can assist in finding what allergens to avoid with allergy testing, and will also be able to treat the symptoms. Avoidance may not always be enough so medications can also be helpful. Prescribed medications usually include nasal saline sprays or rinses, antihistamines, corticosteroids, or ipratropium bromide intranasal sprays. These medications are also prescribed when dealing with non-allergic rhinitis. Non allergic rhinitis may occur because of infections, weather or temperature changes, inflammation/irritation not related to allergies, hormonal changes, and other causes. This is why it is important to consult an ENT when dealing with non-allergic symptoms, because they will be able to find the true cause of the symptoms and find the best treatment plan.
If you are not sure whether you are dealing with allergic or non-allergic rhinitis and need to be seen by an allergist or an ENT specialist, National Allergy & ENT can help. Our providers will be able to diagnosis as well as assist in treatment of your symptoms. To schedule an appointment with one of our providers call (843) 797-8162 or schedule an appointment online.